March 30, 2019

Interpretation of designations in the names of the roms (ROMs codes)

What is ROM?


ROM image (ROM-image or just ROM) is a binary file containing a copy of data from a ROM chip, usually from a game console cartridge, from a computer’s firmware, or information about the configuration of an arcade machine’s motherboard. The term is often used in the context of emulation: old games or programs recorded in the ROM of an old computer are copied to a file (dump) and can be run on a modern computer using an emulator program.

The so-called roms (dumps) of cartridges and images of disks with games are usually marked with special codes in file names. The decoding of these codes is given below:

Standard codes


[!] - Approved, good dump. Often this is an exact copy of the cartridge without data corruption. Does not contain hacks and modifications.

[!p] - Unreviewed (not tested) dump. This dump is closest to the original cartridge.

[a] - Another option (alternative version of the game). Sometimes it is better than the original, as it contains fixes and improvements (cheat codes from the original version may not work on it).

[b] - Bad dump (some data in such a dump is lost or distorted). Usually such images contain image output errors or simply do not work.

[f] - Corrected dump. Changes are specially made to the dump to correct or improve the work on the memory card or emulator.

[o] - Excessive dump. This dump contains extra data that means nothing. They do not affect the game in any way, they just make ROM more.

[p] - Dump the pirated version of the game. Usually, pirates insert their own copyrights, remove the name of the company or damage it.

[h] - Modified dump. The dump was changed, for example, in order to change the title or country code, insert an intro group or change game content.

[t] - Version with the trainer. Such a dump was cracked in order to insert cheats into it or add a menu of cheats so that they can be used in the game.

[T+XXX] - The latest translation to another language.

[T-XXX] - Outdated translation to another language.

(REVXX) - Revision number (00 - the earliest).

(VX.X) - Version number (1.0 is the earliest).

(PRG#) - Program revision.

(NG-Dump Known) - Good dump not found.

(M#) - The number of languages (selected in the menu).

[h#C] - Hacked internal information of the cartridge.

[hI] - An intro from the release group has been added to the cartridge.

[hIR] - Intro release of the group has been removed from the cartridge.

(PAL) - European region.

(NTSC) - American region.

March 27, 2019

NES screensaver for Windows

This screensaver will appeal to nostalgic fans of old games!
Each time it is launched, the recordings of the games from the favorite NES game console are randomly selected and simultaneously played on the screen. The number of games on the screen depends on the screen resolution of the monitor.

NES screensaver for Windows
NES screensaver for Windows
Installation and setup of this screensaver is as follows:
  1. Download the archive attached to this article (it already contains all the recordings of the passages and the games that are necessary for them).
  2. Unzip and open the resulting folder NES Screensaver 2016.
  3. Right-click on the NES Screensaver 2016.scr file and select Install.
  4. After that, the screensaver will be available in the list of the standard window with the selection and setting of screensavers in Windows.
  5. Next in this window, click the Options button and specify the path to the Movies folder, and then generate a list of games by specifying the Games folder (both folders are already contained in the archive with the screensaver).

Next on the Video tab, you need to specify the OpenGL interface to reduce the load on the processor when drawing graphics.


On the Input tab, uncheck "Always show cursor for this PC device" item.

On the Misc tab, check the box and specify the number of unique games that are simultaneously displayed on the screen in the "Only emulate this many unique games" item.

At this setting can be considered complete.

Download NES Screensaver 2016 | Size: 14.1 MB

March 25, 2019

Life and death of arcades (arcade machines)

In all countries except Japan, the arcades are dead. The current generation of gamers with the word "arcade" indifferently shrug, close this text and continue to play your Xbox. Old people will let a nostalgic tear and buy a ticket to the museum of Soviet slot machines. Many in our country will not understand at all what it is about - in their world was Dandy, Suponev, and a game salon with TV Funai in a supermarket around the corner. They did not go to any arcade halls and do not know that behind these words there is a whole layer of the electronic entertainment industry.

Why are arcades extinct? There is an opinion, and it is sufficiently substantiated, that home consoles are to blame for this. But is it really? And in general - is it worth it to yearn for the past? Let's try to figure it out.

Arcade machines
Now you have to burst into tears of nostalgia